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                                          THE HISTORY OF THE BREED



The Standard Schnauzer was the first of the three (miniature, standard and giant) sizes of Schnauzer to appear in Germany. Even though there is no precise date when to mark the establishment of this breed, it is possible to see dogs that closely resemble the Standard Schnauzer in paintings dating from as early as the XVI century.

This dog was quite different from the Schnauzer as we know it today, it was more like a wire haired Pinscher. The breed did not actually have a standard separate from the Pinscher until 1895 when, with the creation of the German Pinscher & Schnauzer Klub (PSK), the two varieties that were to form two separated breeds were finally split in two. It was then that the word Schnauzer was used for the first time to refer to this particular kind of wire and shorthaired Pinscher with its unique squared muzzle and beard. The main function of the Standard Schnauzer was to protect the stables and horse quarters in the German countryside, as well as controlling rodents. These dogs were especially intelligent and brave, and for that reason they also became popular companion dogs. 







Current Standard Schnauzer


Although the origin of the Miniature Schnauzer is not at all clear, it is believed that it appeared around the XIX Century from the selection of the smaller Standard Schnauzers. Some authors also suggest that the Standard Schnauzer could have been crossed to other breeds such as the Affenpinscher, Pomeranian or Barbet (ancestor of the Poodle) to make the Miniature Schnauzer. However, none of this information is properly documented and it is said that most data about the breed’s origin was lost during the two World Wars.

The first Miniature Schnauzer to be registered in the Pinscher & Schnauzer German studbook dates back to 1879, it was a black female whose name was Findel. Seven other females were registered at that time, two were black as Findel, whilst three other were wheaten or yellow, one was black & tan and a last one was Salt & Pepper. What was then called yellow could have been similar to the colour that many years later would be accepted as white.

Currently, there are four different colours accepted as different breeds by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), these colours are Salt & Pepper, Black, Black & Silver and White. The White Miniature Schnauzer was the last of the four colours to be approved as a breed by the different dog associations, it was admitted for the first time by the German Pinscher & Schnauzer Club in 1968, later accepted by the FCI in 1983, while the American Kennel Club (AKC) hasn’t yet admitted the white as a breed.







Pinscher & Schnauzer Klub Poster 1924



The four colours of the Miniature Schnauzer | Photo by Sergio Ordobas – Thanks to Ana Alves


Even though the white colour in the Miniature Schnauzer was accepted only in 1968 by the PSK and in 1983 by the FCI, it has existed since much earlier, almost since the beginning of the breed, but the puppies born were often ‘put to sleep’ either because it was thought that they were bad mutations or simply because the white colour wasn’t accepted as a breed or variety. According to the literature, the white colour appeared in Germany as early as 1900 from the breeding of two Black Miniature Schnauzers (In USA and Brazil, however, the first whites came from the crossing of two Salt & Pepper, both carrying the white gene). According to studies by Karin Rice of Rice’s Miniature Schnauzer in the USA, the white colour would have been introduced in Germany through the black German Champion Peter von Westerberg, born in 1902.

Recent DNA studies which have been well documented by Karin Rice, demonstrate the existence of the pair e,e for locus E in the White Miniature Schnauzer. These results are of utmost importance because they prove that the White Mini has always existed. Now we know that the White Miniature Schnauzer is not an albino or an unwanted mutation and is certainly not the result of breeding with other breeds such as the Westie. The recent DNA studies were also able to determine that the other colours of the Mini Schnauzer (Salt & Pepper, Black and Black & Silver) can carry the gene for the white colour even if it is not bodily evident. Recent research also confirms that the e gene only modifies the colour of the coat (the gene acts suppressing the colour of the coat, leaving it thus white) but the skin, eyes, nose and pads remain pigmented, demonstrating that we are not in the presence of an albino, and that the White Mini Schnauzer does not carry ocular or hearing problems associated with albinism.  However, it is worth noting that the White Mini (just as the other colours of Miniature Schnauzer can suffer of PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) and the stud animals must be selected among healthy dogs.

In 1948 Irmgard Sauer, a German breeder from Gruenwald Kennel received a special and limited permission from the German Pinscher & Schnauzer Klub to start an experimental breeding program for the White Miniature Schnauzer. Dixi von Gruenwald, the daughter of two Black Miniature Schnauzers was officially registered as the first White miniature female. Soon afterwards, other European breeders would follow and although they didn’t have the Club’s approval, they started breeding the white variety.  Only in 1968 did the Pinscher & Schnauzer Klub accept the variety as a separate breed, and all the work done by Sauer’s experimental breeding program during a period of 20 years, became part of the Club’s official files and the beginning of the history of the breed in Germany.











WW 00, EURO CH 00, INT CH , FIN CH , LUX CH , POL CH , SWE CH Wildwood US Crusade. Sweden (Pepalfa’s)  A great asset for the breed who contributed to improve several lines in Europe. 


WW ‘01 , EURO CH , INT CH , BRA CH , ENG CH , FRA CH , LUX CH , PRT CH. Mr. King of Saint `Loui – Brazil. | Also an excellent stud who contributed to the improvement of Brazilian and European lines.


WW ‘02, INT CH , DNK CH Pepalfa’s Crystal Snow Quick – Sweden – Pepalfa’s | An excellent stud, ancestor to many of our dog



Among the better-known original breeders, we have to mention Margrit Roloff who created in Germany the von Bommerholz bloodline; her dogs can be tracked back in the pedigrees of almost all the European White Miniature Schnauzers. Among the breed fanciers who set the basis for the development of the breed both in Europe and the American continent, we have to mention van de Spikke Kennel in the Netherlands, Samantino Polonica in Poland, Wildwood in USA and Sant ‘Loui in Brazil. After that, by the end of the ‘80s and beginning of the ‘90s, other enthusiastic breeders started to work with the aim of improving the white minis, and some of them are currently producing very interesting lines, especially in Europe. The most outstanding (in my view) are Roxy’s Pride from the Netherlands (who have recently moved to Germany), Pepalfa’s Kennel in Sweden, Made in Spain from Spain, Mátraszépe from the Czech Republic,  Bianco Olgas in Poland as well as some very good breeders in Russia. Also in USA it is worth mentioning some breeders who have contributed to opening up the lines of the White Mini, these are Alpat’s, Karwish and more recently Rice’s Kennel. In Brazil, Mr. King Kennel did a good job continuing the lines coming from the original Sant ‘Loui dogs. Currently, Ivana Abella and my friend Ana Clara Alves from Kennel Abella Barba are doing an excellent job with the white Minis in Brazil. In Argentina there is still not a kennel that concentrates exclusively in breeding the White Miniature Schnauzer. However, some Schnauzer breeders have taken in some White Minis, such is the case of von Portenschlag Kennel who introduced some of the dogs from Mr. King’s Kennel from Brazil, also Feeling’s Kennel has imported beautiful dogs from the Czech Republic and Hungary, and Alba’s Kennel is producing a few excellent Whites as well.


WW’02 , DNK CH , FIN CH , NOR CH , SWE CH Made in Spain Crisis - Sweden

WW’03 , INT CH , GER CH. Erythro Trigenimus - Germany.


Probably because it is the newest of the four Miniature Schnauzer breeds, the quality of the White Mini is not as good as the other varieties, therefore it still needs a lot of work in order to reach the quality, structure and small size that can be appreciated in the other colours. Our aim at SUDESTADA is to concentrate exclusively on this variety of the Mini Schnauzer (aside from our already known Irish Wolfhounds) and work intensely towards the improvement of this beautiful breed, which is also an excellent companion, easy to live with, of low maintenance, good health and longevity.

In order to boost up the quality of the Whites in the region and to bring in new blood that provides compact structure and type, we have imported three females and one male from the most outstanding European lines. We were particularly interested in introducing the Van de Spikke Dutch line, and we have done so by importing two dogs, a male and a female bred by Ingrid Stolzenbach of Roxy’s Pride Kennel, both coming from the van de Spikke line through their dams and from the American Karwish Kennel through their magnificent sire (they are both sired by the excellent American stud Rom. Lux. Ch. Karwish Nebraska Blizzard). We have also introduced to our breeding program a female by Phil Blues La ‘Nanasim, to my understanding the best white male alive. Phil was born in Israel, and he also comes from the Dutch van de Spikke line.  His daughter, Boltres Believe in Me (Bella), who I consider a great promise for the breed in Argentina, also brings in the Czech line Mátraszépe through her dam, Blt. W. J. Est. J. Lva. Rus Ch. Stars of White Night Viva la Vita, a sister of the 2005 World Winner, Stars of White Night Versace. Lastly, we have introduced a Spanish female from Made in Spain Kennel, who also brings in the Roxy’s Pride/van de Spikke line through her famous dam, Int. Dt. Ch. Veronique of Roxy’s Pride, combined to the line transmitted through her sire and that was created by Ms. Pons in Spain departing from the Sant ‘Loui line from Brazil and other American Kennels.


JWW 2003   Fissura Trigenimus - Germany. 

WW’04 , EURO CH , EST CH , HUN CH, LTU CH Matraszepe Knight Rider.


Some countries have stricter rules than others regarding the breeding of the White Mini to other colours of Miniature Schnauzer. For instance, in The Netherlands it is absolutely forbidden, whilst in Argentina it is allowed but with the breeder’s justification and the breed club’s approval, and in Brazil it is totally legal. These differences in regulation have a reason: the truth is that for improving the White Miniature Schnauzer in relation to quality of the coat, structure and size, it is necessary (when correctly justified and planned) to cross the White Mini to excellent specimens of the other colours.  

The genetic explanation is as follows: If, for example, we breed a white female to a Salt & Pepper male, the result would be Salt & Pepper puppies with colour faults. But the puppies from this litter would be ‘factored’; this means they are carriers of the white gene that they have inherited from their dam. Therefore in a second breeding of these puppies to a white specimen, we would obtain 50% of pure white puppies and 50% of Salt & Pepper puppies (again with a colour flaw). As it can be seen from this example, this practice is beneficial for the White Mini (in only 2 generations we are already producing white minis who have incorporated positive features carried by that first excellent Salt & Pepper sire) However, this procedure is detrimental to the Salt & Pepper breed because we would have produced one whole litter and half of the second, of coloration faulted specimens.

From the viewpoint of the improvement of the White Mini, these procedures are necessary in order to introduce beneficial changes in the breed, but it is important to do it responsibly so as not to go against the work done by the breeders of the other varieties of the White Mini. One of the possible steps is to ensure that we 1) only breed the best white specimens to excellent specimens of the other colours who would introduce new features to the white minis that the breed doesn’t currently carry. 2) Keep for a second generation breeding only the best ‘factored’ specimen from the first litter while giving the rest of the litter away as pets, ensuring that they will not be bred from. The same procedure should be done with the non-White specimens born from the second litter. Only in this way would we contribute to the improvement of the White Miniature Schnauzer without being too detrimental to the other colours.




WW`05`06 , EURO CH `05 `06 , ARG CH , BLR CH , EST CH  Star`s of White Night Versace – Russia. Uncle of our Bella.


WW `06, EURO CH `06, POL CH
Mervar`s Heaven Sent at Gambler - Poand. 

This document was put together and writen by Paula Colmegna of SUDESTADA Irish Wolfhounds & Miniature White Schnauzers from Argentina www.criaderosudestada.com.ar It can be reproduced as long as the source is cited.

WW 07, J EURO CH 02, AM CH
Matraszepe Wunderkind - Russia



Sanchez, J. 2005. El Nuevo Libro del Schnauzer Miniatura. Susaeta










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